Tool 1.2: Conceptual framework
Build to Last: A framework in support of universal quality pre-primary education
The conceptual framework offers a comprehensive description of the enabling environment and core functions that are essential to an effective pre-primary subsector. A brief overview of the conceptual framework is provided here.
Hover over the different elements of the conceptual framework for general information about them. Scroll down for a more detailed overview.
When planning for ECE, a key element to consider is “learning through play”, or “playful learning”, which is central to quality ECE.
Play is one of the most important ways in which young children gain essential knowledge and skills. By choosing to play with the things they like to do, children are developing skills in all areas of development: physical, language, cognitive, social and emotional. More generally, play satisfies a basic human need to express imagination, curiosity and creativity, which are key resources in a knowledge-driven world. They help us cope, imagine and innovate – these critical skills that children acquire through play in the preschool years form part of the fundamental building blocks of future complex “21st century skills”.
For this reason, play opportunities and environments that promote play, exploration and hands-on learning are at the core of effective and quality ECE programmes, and should be integrated throughout the ECE systems. For practical ideas on how to embed play systematically in the ECE subsector, please see this brief.
The enabling environment refers to a broad set of interrelated factors that affect the development of a robust and effective ECE subsector, including the ability to achieve intended programme goals. This framework focuses on four key factors, or catalysts, that can be leveraged to establish the foundations of a strong pre-primary subsector.
Click on each of the four enabling environment factors for more information
For each of the core functions, the framework suggests key goals that governments can focus on to develop or strengthen the core function. These goals are elaborated upon, using measures of progress for each.
Hover over each of the core function for a short description and the link to details on the goals.
Key considerations related to the core functions
The framework also suggests key considerations for each core function.
Click on the core function for the associated list of key considerations